DI SUSUN UNTUK MEMENUHI TUGAS B. INGGRIS SEMESTER 2
STIKES MUH GOMBONG
The medical term is a vocabulary to accurately describe the foreign body and associated components, conditions, processes and processes with knowledge-based manner. This is to be used in the medical field and nursing. Systematic approach to build an understanding of words and terms are based on the concept: (1) roots, (2) prefix, and (3) suffix. The root word is a term derived from the source language such as Greek or Latin and usually describes the parts of the body. The prefix can be added in front of the term to modify the word root by giving additional information about the location of the organ, the number of spare parts, or time involved. Suffix attached to the tip of root words to add meaning such as condition, disease processes, or procedures.
In the process of creating medical terminology, certain rules apply language. These rules are part of language mechanics called linguistics. So, when a term that was developed, some logical process is applied. The word root is developed to include a vowel sound following the term to add smoothing action with the sound of the word when applying a suffix. The result is the formation of a new term with a vowel attached (word root + vowel) called a combining form. In English, the most common vowel used in the formation of a combination is the letter-o-, added to the root of the word. Prefixes usually do not require further modification to be added to the root of the word because the prefix normally ends with a vowel or a vowel sound, although in some cases they may assimilate slightly and in-may change to im-or syn-to-symbol. Suffix categorized as (1) takes the form of combining, or (2) does not require combining form since they start with a vowel.
Decoding the medical term is an important process. After the experience gained in the process of forming and decoding medical terminology, the process starts to make sense and be easier. One approach involves breaking down words by first evaluating the meaning of the suffix and prefix, and finally the root of the word. It generally will produce good results for experienced health care professionals. If in doubt, the results must be verified by a medical terminology dictionary. The process of learning a new language, such as medical terminology, is a goal, challenge and also achieved as the basis for all learning-rule-making process easier. (See Applied Linguistics). One fast online reference is a dictionary search engine. Which allows one to enter a medical term into the dialog box and start the search. There are also many online medical dictionaries to choose from. After the term is, the response will be divided into several basic formats, including the use of General, Medical, Legal, Business, and others. The use of medical dictionary or Internet search engines are most helpful in learning the exact meaning of medical terms. However, if the basic concept of building understandable words, many words are understandable to students of medical terms. In forming or understanding of root words, one needs a basic understanding of terminology and language resources. Research on the origins of words is called etymology. For example, if the word is to be established to indicate the condition of the kidney, there are two main roots - one of Greece (νεφρός nephr (os)) and one from Latin (ren (es)). renal failure would be a condition of the kidneys, and nephritis is also a condition, or inflammation of the kidney. The suffix-itis means inflammation, and the whole word conveys a sense of kidney inflammation. To continue using these terms, other combinations will be presented for the purpose of example: The term 'supra-renal prefix is a combination of supra-(meaning "above"), and the root word for kidney, and the whole word means "situated above the kidneys" . The word "nephrologist" combines the root word for kidney to the suffix-ologist with the meaning resulting from "one who studies the kidney".
In medical terms, the root word is usually not capable of standing alone as a complete word in the sentence. This is different from the root word in English most modern standards. The roots of medical words taken from a different source language, so it will still mean as a stand-alone-long in an English sentence. A suffix or prefix must be added to make the medical terms can be used. For example, the term for "the heart" is "cardiacus", from the Greek cardia. If someone is suffering from heart disease-related, the statement, "Patients suffering from cardiac events," will not make sense. However, with the addition of the suffix "-ac", this statement should be modified to read, "Patients suffering from cardiac event" which is an acceptable use medical terms. This process is different in standard English because the root word that can stand alone in a sentence. For example, the word eye is the root word in English that can be used without modification in a sentence. An additional challenge to students of medical terms is that the formation of plural of the word should be done by using the rules of correct formation of plurals such as those used in the source language. This is more difficult than in English, which adds "-s" or "-es" is the rule. Greek and Latin each have different rules must be applied when forming the plural from the root word. Often such details can be found by using a medical dictionary.
There are also other rules of medical terminology that will be recognized by the student. If more than one body part used in the formation of medical terms, the roots of individual words joined together using a combining form using the letter-o-to indicate the joining together of various parts of the body. For example, if there is an inflammation of the stomach and intestines, it will be written as gastro-enter-and plus-itis, gastroenteritis. In this example, o - signifying the joining together of two body parts
Medical terminology frequently used words are made using prefixes and suffixes in Latin and Ancient Greek. In the treatment, their meaning and their etymology, which is informed by the language of origin. Prefixes and suffixes, especially in Greek-but also in Latin, has o-dropable. Medical roots generally go together by language: Greek prefixes go with the suffixes with Greek and Latin prefix Latin endings. Although technically considered to be acceptable to create hybrid words, it is preferable to not mix different language roots. In general, the medical term consists of 4 parts.
1. Parent word
4. Liaison between department
A term may consist of the word parent only, or plus 1, 2 or 3 other parts.
We take a simple example: pericarditis "Elves" is a prefix that means something on the edge or surround "card number" means the heart "Itis" is a suffix meaning "inflammation" So pericarditis means inflammation of the tissues surrounding the heart. Sure is easy to understand if there are the terms: bradycardia, "bradi" means "slow" so the "bradycardia" means his heart rate slowed. Takhikardi, "takhi" means "quickly" so that "takhikardi" means his heart rate increased rapidly.
We tried an interesting as well: Muscullus Sternocleidomastotideus. Meaning: muscle (muscullus) that connects between the sternum bone, the clavicle bone (one of the glued parts of this muscle) and the mastoid bone. Phoneme associated with connective "o". In children, the presence of inflammation in the pharyngeal gland enlargement is often followed along this sternokleidomastoideus muscle. Some of the prefix, meaning and use: hyper: high or more, such as hypertension, hyperthyroidism, hypercoagulable, hyperglycemia, hypercholesterolemia
Elves: the edge, which encompasses, for example, pericardium (covering the heart), peritoneum (surrounding the internal organs) Dis: a disturbance, abnormalities, or pain, such as dysuria (pain on urination), dismenorrhea (pain during menstruation), A or An: is negative, or less, should not be, for example, arrhythmia (irregular heart rhythm), agenesis (not formed), avitaminosis (vitamin deficiency conditions) Hypo: low, for example hypotension, hypoglycemia, hypothyroidism Hemi: half, on either side; eg hemi-an-opsia (loss penghilatan on one side / side); hemi-parese (muscle weakness on one side of the right-left or one of two hand gestures tool-feet). Ipsi: one the same side, for example hemiparese ipsi-lateral (there is disturbance in the facial nerve which occurs on the right side of the same left-hand side of the leg who experienced muscle weakness). Cons: the opposite side; for example hemiparese contra-lateral (side interference on the face opposite the side of muscle weakness in the hand-foot).
Supra / superior: above, over, for example, supra-renal glands (glands in the top of the kidneys); superior vena cava (blood vessels behind the heart of the upper body)
Sub / Inferior: lower, deeper, for example, the inferior vena cava (blood vessels behind the heart from the lower body), a network of sub-mucosa (the inner part of or under tissue mucus).
There are several types of stainless steel that we use in the production of high quality HNM Medical surgical instruments. When manufacturing the instrument with a sharp eye cutter, it is important to use 400 series stainless steel. Some surgical instruments of this type include surgical scissors, rongeurs, pliers, hemostats, and needle holders. Another type of steel that we use are 300 series stainless steel. It offers high resistance to corrosion, thus making it more workable and ductile. surgical instruments in this category include retractors, rib spreaders, and Cannulas.
The first stage in manufacturing is to develop forging, or in other words make the stamp surgical instruments rough outline of a heated bar of stainless steel. HNM Medical quality forgings at the plant comes from Germany. The next step is to grind and forging factory, which is how to remove the excess steel. For some surgical instruments such as scissors and hemostats, more than twenty-milling operations are conducted, including the creation of the men and women, cutting right and matching ratchets serrations. surgical instrument maker we experienced several years of apprenticeship training under the guidance of experienced crafts people. A number of quality checks and finishing applications made in each instrument, ensuring the quality and perfection that HNM medical surgical instruments are known.
When assembly is complete, all surgical instruments through the last procedure in which they are heated to about 1500 degrees Fahrenheit and cooled in a controlled manner. This step provides a medical instrument with their violence. The next stage consists of improving the corrosion resistance of surgical instruments, which is achieved through polishing and passivation. Polishing provide smooth medical instruments and shiny appearance of the final. This finish can be shiny (mirror-finish) or a matte / satin, which gives a gray surface that does not reflect light. Passive process uses nitric acid to remove iron content of the outer layer of medical instruments. Removal of this iron to help build a layer of chromium oxide, which is highly resistant to corrosion and continue to build throughout the life of medical instruments. At this point medical instrument is ready for final inspection.
Science is the scientific study of bone bone. A profession of anthropology and archeology, osteology is a detailed study of bone structure, the elements of bone, teeth, morphology, function, diseases, pathology, the hardening process (of the cartilage mold), resistance and hardness of bones (biophysics), etc. are often used by scientists with the identification of human remains associated with age, death, sex, growth, and development in a biocultural context.
Typical analysis will include:
* Inventory of the elements of this framework
* Inventory teeth
* Aging data, based on epiphyseal fusion and tooth eruption (for subadults) and deterioration of the symphysis pubis or the end of the rib sternum (for adults)
* Bodied and other metric data
* Non-metric properties
* Pathology and / or cultural modifications
Compared osteology at the Museum of Natural History Room of La Plata, Argentina.
Skeleton Skeleton Compared with Great Dane Chihuahua at The Museum of osteology, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
Osteological approaches are often applied to investigations in disciplines such as forensic science, physical anthropology and archeology, and has a place in research on topics including:
* Activity patterns
* Genetics initial population
* Population migration
* Ancient warfare
* Social Inequality
* Identification of unknown fixed
* Criminal Investigation